West Hayden Island

As of Jan. 8, 2014 we have withdrawn our consent to annex West Hayden Island into the City of Portland.

Between 2009 and 2014, the City of Portland led a public process in cooperation with the Port of Portland to explore annexation and creation of a long-range land use plan with a change of zoning for a future marine terminal on West Hayden Island. The project was initiated at the request of then city commissioner Sam Adams because several other planning processes impacting the island were underway. These included long range land use planning for the east end of the island and the design of a new Interstate 5 bridge and related highway interchanges in Oregon and Washington.

This process was created to annex this land into the City of Portland, which required a change of zoning. Development of the land was not expected for a number of years. Through the annexation process, which included robust community input, specific topics such as recreation, mitigation, land management, habitat preservation, security, repair and improvements of local roads and a community enhancement fund were discussed. Our proposal to the community was presented and included a number of community benefits such as trail development, community grant funding, security improvements and other public amenities. The proposal also preserved 500 acres for habitat restoration and recreational amenities and 300 acres for future marine industrial development that could have created as many as 4,000 jobs. The development envisioned included facilities for the shipment of autos and bulk products such as grain.

While we were agreeable to mitigation exceeding state and federal requirements, the mitigation requirements in the Planning and Sustainability Commission proposal were not proportionate to the development impacts and  effectively priced the land out of the market. Although we proposed an alternative that provided for a viable compromise, that alternative was rejected. Given the substantial costs, lack of industrial zoning and conditions applied to the site, we determined that investment of any more time and money into the process was not justified.

As we move forward, we will continue to manage West Hayden Island for uses supporting our mission including eventual development of marine terminal facilities. We continue to believe the future annexation and development prospects are feasible and would be beneficial to the region in terms of creating much needed family wage jobs, ensuring an adequate supply of industrial land for our region, providing space for recreation and wildlife habitat, continuing an expansion of our region’s historic role as a trade gateway, and building the city’s tax base.

Group Title Completed Source Description
Economic Studies Washington Ports Forecast Jan-04 BST Associates Forecasts a 2/3 increase in cargo volumes over the next two decades. Reports on infrastructure challenges.
Economic Studies Portland Vancouver Trade Capacity Analysis Jan-06 Global Insight for Metro, Port of Portland, Port of Vancouver and Portland Development Commission Study to determine the impact of increased international and domestic trade on the region's supply of and demand for trade supported infrastructure.
Historic Development Studies Hayden Island Plan Document Jan-09 David Evans and Associates Inc A neighborhood plan for Hayden Island (east of the rail bridge) identifies opportunities to improve accessibility, livability and sustainability.
Historic Development Studies Environmental Impact Statement West Hayden Island Industrial Park Jan-87 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers An Environmental Impact Statement completed in 1987 for Portland General Electric. It describes a permitted development proposal proposed before the Port purchased the property.
Economic Studies Metro 2040 Growth Concept Jan-95 Metro A long-range plan designed to guide growth and development throughout the Metro region.
Habitat/Natural Resource Studies West Hayden Island Development Program Technical Report: Aquatic Biology Investigations Jan-95 Fishman Environmental Services for the Port of Portland Report with the goal of characterizing the sediments and the benthic invertebrate communities inhabiting the areas around WHI.
Economic Studies Market Demand Analysis Report for the Industrial Lands Inventory Assessment Jul-03 ECONorthwest, Group Mackenzie, Johnson Gardner for Portland Development Commission Report addresses:
- Demand for industrial land in Portland region
- Supply of vacant industrial land
- Vacancy and absorption rates
Environmental Information Regional Wildlife-Habitat Classes for West Hayden Island Jun-98 Port of Portland An introduction to the Port of Portland's Natural Resources Inventory
Environmental Information NRI Fact Sheet Jun-98 Port of Portland An introduction to the Port of Portland's Natural Resources Inventory
Environmental Information Local Wildlife-Habitat Classes for West Hayden Island Jun-98 Port of Portland An introduction to the Port of Portland's Natural Resources Inventory
Habitat/Natural Resource Studies Fish Distribution and Relative Abundance in Columbia River Shallow Water Habitat Near the Portland International Airport Jun-98 Ellis Ecological Services, Inc. Study documents the presence and absence of juvenile salmonids in the vicinity of proposed PDX discharge sites. Study area includes portions of WHI.
Planning Background Memorandum: Zoning and Planning Framework for West Hayden Island Annexation Mar-09 Ball Janik LLP Provides a summary of the planning history for WHI and the legal framework that flows from that history. Completed to assist the City, Port and the CWG as work on the evaluation process continues.
Cultural Resources A Cultural Resources Study of the Proposed Hayden Island Marine Industrial Park Multnomah County, Oregon Mar-86 Willamette Associates Required through the environmental review process. The report concluded no significant evidence of either prehistoric or historic occupation.
Historic Development Studies West Hayden Island Development Program Final Report Mar-97 CenturyWest for the Port of Portland Describes a very detailed 1997 development program. Illustrates hypothetical zoning footprints based on marine industrial, recreation and habitat uses.
Prior City of Portland Planning Process (1999) Area Plan Volume 5 Plan District May-99 COP, POP and Advisory Committee Discusses use regulations, development standards, review and approval criteria
Prior City of Portland Planning Process (1999) Area Plan Volume 7 Transportation IGA May-99 COP and POP Transportation IGA between Port and City of Portland
Prior City of Portland Planning Process (1999) Area Plan Volume 6 Mitigation Plans May-99 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Discusses project site plan, areas function and values to be lost or altered, proposed compensatory mitigation site, assumptions, goals, gains and losses in wetland functions or values implementation methods, implementation schedule, design details, person responses, monitoring plans, long term protection, water rights, and contingency
Prior City of Portland Planning Process (1999) Area Plan Volume 4 Transportation Analysis May-99 Parametrix Discusses existing conditions, future conditions, analysis of development alternatives, recommended development plan.
Prior City of Portland Planning Process (1999) Area Plan Volume 2 Natural Resource Element May-99 W&H Pacific Provides resource inventories, analyzes conflicting uses and refines a potential Goal 5 protection plan.
Prior City of Portland Planning Process (1999) Area Plan Volume 3 Market Study May-99 W&H Pacific Discusses industrial lands needs analysis, alternative marine industrial site analysis, annexation and comprehensive plan goals and policies.
Prior City of Portland Planning Process (1999) Area Plan Volume 1 May-99 W&H Pacific Volume 1 of a lengthy document discussing an introduction to the plan, area background, comprehensive zone/plan, public involvement efforts, figures, and appendix.
Economic Studies The Cost of Congestion to the Economy of the Portland Region Nov-05 Economic Development Research Group Public and private sector study addressing the Portland region's rising congestion issues.
Planning Background West Hayden Island Proposed Annexation And Rezoning Nov-08 Oregon Consensus A neutral assessment of issues related to the annexation of West Hayden Island into the City.
Habitat/Natural Resource Studies Biological Assessment for Listed and Proposed Threatened and Endangered Wildlife and Plant Species - WHI Port Facilities Development Oct-00 Maurita Smyth and URS BA examines how the Port of Portland's proposed development of marine terminals on WHI may affect certain species.
Environmental Information Technical Memo Potential Natural and Cultural Resources Impacts and Mitigation Evaluation Oct-09 SWCA Evaluation of natural and cultural environmental consequences related to environmental permitting for one development footprint on WHI.
Economic Studies The Oregon Port Assessment Oct-86 Booz-Allen & Hamilton Identifies development needs for Oregon's ports and identifies several development and organizational alternatives to respond to needs.
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Related Links
Chris White, Director, Community Affairs - 503.415.6056
Jayson Shanafelt, Community Affairs Tour and Outreach Manager - 503.415.6853
Kelley Bonsall, Director, Corporate Communications - 503.415.6041
Greg Theisen, Senior Planner - 503.415.6522
Eric Engstrom, City of Portland - 503.823.3329